Cancer it is also known as tumor or malignancy which is formed by uncontrolled growth of cells in the body. There are more than 100 types of cancer, which includes the most common cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon and rectum cancer, kidney and renal pelvis cancer, endometrial cancer, pancreatic cancer, thyroid cancer, and liver cancer, lung and bronchus cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma of the skin, leukemia. Symptoms depend on the type of cancer. Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, targeted therapy and surgery.
Earlier only in the past century has medical science understood what cancer really is and how it developed. Specialists in cancer treatments are called oncologists, have made phenomenal advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Some forms of the disease remain very difficult to treat. Modern treatment can significantly develop quality of life and may increase survival.
In 2017, about 91.5 million people had cancer. Nearly 15 million new cases occur a year. It caused about 8.8 million deaths (17.7% of deaths).The most common types of cancer in males are lung cancer, prostate cancer and stomach cancer. In females, the common types of cancers are breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer and cervical cancer. If skin cancer and other melanoma were included in new cancer cases each year, it would account for around 40-45% of cases. In children, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brain tumors are most common; in 2015; about 185,000 children less than 15 years of age were diagnosed with cancer. The risk of cancer raises significantly with age, and many cancers occur more commonly in developed countries. Rates are increasing as more people live to an old age and as behavior changes occur in the developing world. The financial costs of cancer were estimated at $2.16 trillion USD per year as of 2014.
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