Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Berlin straddles the banks of the River spree, which flows into the River Havel in the western borough of Spandau. Among the city main topographical features are the many lakes in western and southeastern boroughs formed by the spree, Havel, and Dahme Rivers. Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. About one-third of the city’s area composed of gardens, parks, forests. Berlin’s most famous historic landmark is the Brandenburg Gate once a symbol of a divided nation and now a symbol of unity and peace. Berlin climate can be best described as a humid continental climate. The German Historical Museum, also known as the Deutsches Historical Museum, is a fantastic place to visit if you want to see what Germans have been up to for the past two millennia. Located near the Alexanderplatz is the Berlin TV Tower, better known to locals at the Berliner Fernsehturm.